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Portail > Offres > Offre UMR8058-CAMBOU-011 - Chercheur(se) contractuel(le) post-doctorant(e) H/F Projet MAMA (INSHS CNRS)

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

This offer is available in the following languages:
Français - Anglais

Date Limite Candidature : mardi 28 juin 2022

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General information

Reference : UMR8058-CAMBOU-011
Workplace : AUBERVILLIERS
Date of publication : Tuesday, June 7, 2022
Type of Contract : FTC Scientist
Contract Period : 18 months
Expected date of employment : 1 September 2022
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : between 2817,49 et 3970,53 € gross according to experience
Desired level of education : PhD
Experience required : Indifferent

Missions

Research :
• Participating in a work group, in the elaboration and management of projects within the MAMA project interdisciplinary committee
• Locating textual, graphic, iconographic and audio (oral) sources, transmitted on any type of medium, which will enable us to enrich our knowledge of the subject.

Valorisation of research and dissemination of research results :
• To valorise the results of the project to the research community
• Co-organise and contribute to national or international scientific events

Activities

Research :
• Searching certain archival and documentary collections (Paris, London, etc.)
• Ensuring a scientific watch
• Participating in the development and coordination of the project
• Participating in a work group, in the elaboration and management of projects within the MAMA project interdisciplinary committee

Valorisation of research and dissemination of research results :
• To valorise the results of the project to the research community: design, produce and maintain a digital research notebook/blog presenting the project (such as Hypotheses)
• Co-organise and contribute to national or international scientific events: two to three workshops during the project
• Disseminate the results to the public: design and produce a travelling exhibition (Maison française d'Oxford/Campus Condorcet) to highlight the knowledge acquired
• Contribute to the dissemination of knowledge to the research community and the public, through personal and collective publications, in particular the illustrated collective work planned at the end of the project

Skills

Disciplinary skills
• Good knowledge of the social history of France and Europe from the 18th to the 21st centuries, particularly in the fields of labour history, the history of medicine, environmental history, the history of scientific knowledge and the history of public policy in the social and health fields.
• Excellent grasp of archival research practices
• General knowledge of the network of research and archive institutions, France, United Kingdom.

Operational skills
• Excellent knowledge of English (C1 level) and, if possible, of another language (B2 level)
• Use of methods for prospecting and inventorying historical and cultural sources
• Use of basic digital tools (Word press, etc.)
• Writing and editorial skills

Regulatory qualification required
PhD in History and/or History of Science

Work Context

The Covid-19 pandemic has brought the face mask into the daily lives of billions of men and women around the world, a new device intended to limit the viral contamination responsible for the spread of the disease. Since the spring of 2020, the mask has been the subject of controversy over its effectiveness and of political instrumentalisation in a context of scientific uncertainty. Face masks have also been the subject of a policy of industrial manufacture and large-scale distribution, of homemade recipes disseminated on social networks, and of questioning of their harmlessness, etc. The face mask has imposed itself at a dizzying speed as a fundamental socio-technical device of our daily lives on a global scale.
Yet the face mask has been part of the arsenal of protection against infectious diseases and dust for centuries. While the figure of the Venetian doctor fighting the plague and protecting himself from the smell of disease with his beak full of aromatic herbs immediately comes to mind, protective devices, particularly in the context of craft and then industrial work, existed earlier. The eighteenth century saw the development of a major search for protective devices against dust and "miasmas" at the same time as studies on the physiological phenomenon of breathing and the perception of air appeared. Since the end of the 18th century, inventiveness, scientific perception and technical expertise have combined to create various masks, whose shape, texture, operating mechanisms and filtering capacities have been discussed. This object, intended to act as an interface between the human body and the corrupted air, has given rise to an abundant bibliography and iconography. First in the medical and hospital sphere, then in the occupational sphere polluted by dust and toxic fumes (mines, chemistry, etc.), masks, ventilators, respirators and suits have constituted an array of equipment, the evolution of which is itself subject to the transformations of scientific knowledge.
Far from being a linear history, the history of the invention, manufacture and use of masks shows that they are a scientific and technical object that depends on a number of factors: the perceptibility of airborne risks, the permeability of the human body through the mouth and nose, work cultures and the risks posed in the professional context, cultural practices linked to the place of individuals in the community (physical distancing, etc.) In many respects, they correspond to the process of individualisation of risk management which has accompanied the hygienist society in the process of medicalisation since the end of the 18th century, a process of individualisation which culminates in the responsibility left to individuals to obtain these masks, which are rarely (but sometimes and in certain places/countries) distributed.
As the scientific consensus increasingly favoured airborne contamination by the coronavirus responsible for Covid-19, masks appeared to be one of the allies of the resumption of economic activity and social life, one of the socio-technical instruments of the (sustainable?) exit from the pandemic. While some opponents of the health constraints imposed by the states refused to wear it, it was promoted by others as more protective of public liberties than the digital tracking applications that were supposed to combat the spread of the virus. The eruption of this protection device into everyday life also raises the question of its durability in the social landscape, in anticipation of future pandemics.
The current project is thus at the crossroads of history of medicine (epidemics, contagion, prevention), economic history (manufacturing, distribution networks, prices), environmental history (waste, recycling) and social history (adaptation, education, resistance). Reassessing the history of protective masks over the last three centuries consists in questioning the issues linking technology and health, the value of human life, population policies, social and health inequalities on a global scale. It is a way for historical research to reinvest, in the literal sense, the public sphere.
In this initial phase, the project is essentially centred on a comparison between France and the United Kingdom, without precluding incursions into other European geographical spaces and relevant cultural areas, depending on the archival and historiographical leads that will be uncovered.

Constraints and risks

- Ergonomics
- Risks associated with working alone
- Short missions abroad to be foreseen (especially in the UK), financed from the project budget/ MAMA operating budget

Additional Information

The CHS is today a research laboratory concerned with the social, cultural and political history of urban societies and social movements. Since the 1990s, our CNRS-University of Paris 1 Joint Research Unit (UMR 8058) has given considerable importance to the question of territories and has also been involved in the renewal of cultural and heritage history on the one hand, and colonial and postcolonial history on the other.

The CHS has remained a laboratory for social intervention and the dissemination of research to a wide audience. It thus continues to work not only with trade unions but also with many organisations and institutions covering the vast field of public policy and social and cultural action.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

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