Reference : UMR8138-STEGUI-005
Nombre de Postes : 1
Workplace : AUBERVILLIERS
Date of publication : Monday, January 16, 2023
Scientific Responsible name : Paul GRADVOHL (Professor, University Paris 1) et Fabrice VIRGILI (Director of Research - CNRS)
Type of Contract : PhD Student contract / Thesis offer
Contract Period : 36 months
Start date of the thesis : 1 October 2023
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : 2 135,00 € gross monthly
Description of the thesis topic
Title: Violence between war and peace: agentivity and gender of intersecting processes between intimate and collective levels in Central Europe.
The thesis will focus on the intersection of intimate and collective dimensions of discourses, practices and effects of violence. It will mobilize the study of the actors, especially from a gender perspective.
The framework chosen is Central Europe in the 19th and 21st centuries. Central Europe is understood here as the area between the Baltic, the Adriatic and the Black Sea. This region was and is marked by recurrent violence, both in peace and war, the difference being sometimes tenuous. Yet "brutalization" and "bloodlands", the two major paradigms used to shape retrospectively the way societies and individuals relate to violence by emphasizing the porositý between times of peace and times of war, neglect the strong gender dimension. These paradigms reduce the complexity of actions and actors. Yet this complexity and the rhythms, intensity, and nature of the phases of violence imply grasping the emotional and intellectual accumulations that clearly appear in times when violence reemerges, whether repression, private violence, or war. The same is true, conversely, for the distancing and the work of reparation or compensation associated with violence, both private and public. Thus, the victims of rape, during wars in particular, are often subsequently victims in their own society of family and social ostracism. The connections between sex and of politics are key when considering the porosity of times, between peace and war. It is therefore possible to question the way in which war crimes trials can contribute to reactivating and/or distancing violence as a political horizon, and participate in the gendered reconstruction of societies after the war, or even decades later.
This proposal for a thesis topic is presented by a specialist in the history of security in Central Europe and a specialist in gender and violence in relation to wars. It is therefore widely open to any approach with a historical dimension (not exclusive of others).
The topic includes a transnational and partly trans-area dimension since this cross-cutting issue is a common concern shared in many other places and times.
Among the aspects to be taken into account there are:
- A temporality that includes peace and war.
- A plurality of forms, intensity and expression of violence.
- The links between collective and individual actors, domestic and collective actions.
This viewpoint integrates various forms of evolution of the relationship to multiple types of violence (anticipation, reproduction, erasure, transformation, forgetting, exaltation).
All dimensions of history and anthropological-social approaches are relevant. Religious aspects and actors can be taken into account.
The thesis will therefore also be concerned with the cultural and social history of violence.
The successful candidate will enroll in a doctoral program at the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, École d'Histoire de la Sorbonne (UFR Histoire 09) and will join the École doctorale d'histoire (ED 113). He or she will be attached to the UMR SIRICE "Sorbonne, Identities, International Relations and Civilizations of Europe" (CNRS, Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Sorbonne University, UMR 8138). The project is part of the research focuses 4 "Time, traces and territories of war" and 5 "Gender and Europe". The UMR SIRICE brings together contemporary historians. The thesis will be supervised by Paul Gradvohl (Professor of History, Paris 1) and Fabrice Virgili (Director of Research, CNRS). The doctoral student will participate in the scientific life of SIRICE.
Constraints and risks
The doctoral contract includes an obligation of mobility in Central Europe. The doctoral student will carry out this mobility, preferably 3 months per year, to collect the sources (archives) necessary for his/her research. Depending on the field chosen for the thesis, this affiliation will involve travel to at least one country known as Visegrad country (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia). During this period of mobility, he/she will be hosted by the French Center for Research in Social Sciences (CEFRES - USR 3038 CNRS-MEAE), based in Prague, Czech Republic. CEFRES is a mixed unit of French research institutes abroad (UMIFRE) under the dual supervision of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the CNRS. It will provide administrative and logistical support and a stimulating scientific environment through its collaborative platform in SHS with Charles University and the Czech Academy of Sciences as well as through its scientific network with the Visegrad countries.
Deadline for applications: 6 March 2023
Audition of candidates in the week of 17-21 April 2023
We talk about it on Twitter!