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PhD student (M/W) : Reconstructing the evolution of Eocene ecosystems in southern Eurasia to better understand past mammalian dispersals

This offer is available in the following languages:
- Français-- Anglais

Date Limite Candidature : vendredi 9 juin 2023

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Informations générales

Intitulé de l'offre : PhD student (M/W) : Reconstructing the evolution of Eocene ecosystems in southern Eurasia to better understand past mammalian dispersals (H/F)
Référence : UMR7207-MARFER-012
Nombre de Postes : 1
Lieu de travail : PARIS
Date de publication : vendredi 19 mai 2023
Type de contrat : CDD Doctorant/Contrat doctoral
Durée du contrat : 36 mois
Date de début de la thèse : 1 septembre 2023
Quotité de travail : Temps complet
Rémunération : 2 135€ gross monthly
Section(s) CN : Biodiversity, evolution and biological adaptations: from macromolecules to communities

Description du sujet de thèse

The late Eocene and early Oligocene are paced by multiple dispersal events of Asian mammals to Europe, Africa, up to south America, including anthropoid primates. However, the mechanisms controlling these dispersals are poorly understood.
Anthropoid primates are tropical arboreal mammals; many other mammals involved in these dispersals used to thrive in the tropics. Their dynamics of expansion must thus have closely mimicked the spreading of tropical forested ecosystems. This PhD project proposes to reconstruct the dynamics of forested ecosystems along the Paleogene Neotethyan shorelines in southern Eurasia, the most likely dispersal pathway for Asian mammals to reach Europe and Africa.
The PhD student will use paleobotanical proxies to study the type and evolution of forested ecosystems and document their changes through time and space. The study sites are spread along the Neotethyan shorelines, with a particular focus on Anatolian and central Asian localities, where paleobotanical data are lacking. Forested ecosystems will be reconstructed using complementary paleobotanical approaches: palynology and paleoecology (i.e. the study of past vegetation composition by means of pollen and spores) and paleoxylology (the study of fossil wood anatomy). Both approaches allow a detailed reconstruction of forested assemblages and qualitative/semi-quantitative insights into the local climate (rainfall seasonality, aridity).
The PhD student will be work at the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle (CR2P laboratory) in Paris (advisor: Anaïs Boura) and at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) in Amsterdam (advisor: Carina Hoorn). She/he will join a team of students, postdocs and scientists in the framework of the ERC project DISPERSAL led by Alexis Licht (CEREGE), which aims to build a theoretical and empirical basis for the mechanisms of large-scale continental dispersal. Paleobotanical results of the PhD project will be compared and interpreted with paleoclimatic and paleontological data acquired by other members of the ERC team.

Contexte de travail

The work will be conducted at CR2P, a joint unit of CNRS, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle and Sorbonne University located in Paris. A detailed presentation of the laboratory's activities is available on the website https://paleo.mnhn.fr/fr
The activity will be carried out in collaboration with the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (Amsterdam) and the CEREGE in Aix-en-Provence.

Contraintes et risques

Occasional trips in France.
Regular trips in Europe (visits to collections and conferences).
Occasional international trips.
Excavations in rugged terrain.