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Reference : UMR7307-CARLEC-002
Workplace : AIX EN PROVENCE
Date of publication : Thursday, June 3, 2021
Scientific Responsible name : Frédéric Saumade
Type of Contract : PhD Student contract / Thesis offer
Contract Period : 36 months
Start date of the thesis : 1 October 2021
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : 2 135,00 € gross monthly
Description of the thesis topic
About the I-MAT* Project and Ethnomimetics:
Biomimetics is inspired by forms, materials, properties, processes and functions of living beings and things found in nature: it thus seeks sustainable solutions produced directly by Nature. The aim of the I-MAT research project is to extend this concept to "Ethnomimetics", research dedicated to materials and techniques developed over the centuries by various ethnic groups around the world, with the vision of current state of the art scientific knowledge, within the frame of sustainable development.
This project will focus on certain materials and techniques used by Native American groups, since at least the 19th century, with a major interest in both Humanities, particularly Anthropology, Ethnology, Archeology, History,
Social Science, Art and Museum Studies, and "Hard" Sciences to study the physicochemical properties of these materials and techniques, more respectful with the environment.
About the PhD position:
The PhD candidate will work within the framework of the I-MAT project. The candidate must have a Master degree in the following fields: anthropology, ethnology, archeology, history, or related interdisciplinary field with a good knowledge of cultural technology of Native American civilizations.
The PhD subject will be focused on traditional materials, techniques, artefacts and rituals of the Indians of North America (including art, clothing, pottery, basketry, sculpture, traditional musical instrument making…), and also on the relationship between Native People and their environment, plants, animal species, mineral resources… Social use of objects will also be considered, especially when focusing on rituals, dance or music. The PhD candidate will also be working in the field in Southwest Communities (Cochiti, Zuni, Hopi, NM, and in South Dakota (Lakota Oglala Pine Ridge Reservation), under the supervision of Pr. Frédéric Saumade (Professor of anthropology at Aix-Marseille University-IDEMEC-CNRS) and Dr. Thierry Sarnet (CNRS Researcher in Physics and Material Science). Part of this research work includes the collection of knowledge for the manufacture of replicas, the use of Photogrammetry technique and/or 3D Scanner within the Peabody Museum of Harvard. The characterization of physical and chemical properties of the materials and artefacts and the fabrication of ethnological replicas will be actively supported by T. Sarnet. In addition to the PhD dissertation and the articles that will result from this research program, the doctoral student will be asked to actively contribute to the resulting material production, with the aim of constituting a sample of a museum collection.
The dissertation will be presented to the Department of Anthropology for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the subject of Anthropology at the Aix-Marseille University, France.
Constraints and risks
As part of this research, ethnographic field missions are planned abroad. Mainly in the USA and supported within the framework of the doctoral CDD by field missions.
The doctoral student will also take part in the team fieldwork (Cochiti, Zuni, Hopi, NM, Pine Ridge, SD, Harvard, MA), under the responsibility of F. Saumade and T. Sarnet (co-directors of the thesis), and in the gathering of knowledge for the fabrication of replicas, and the use of techniques (3D scanner, photogrammetry, 3D printing, etc.) in collaboration with the Peabody Museum of Harvard, partner of the project. For the science of materials and characterization of their physico-chemical properties, he will be actively accompanied by T. Sarnet.
The doctoral registration in anthropology will be at the Doctoral School 355 (Aix-Marseille University – IDEMEC- CNRS).
French and/or English is mandatory
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