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Reference : UMR5313-SANMAT-002
Workplace : GRENOBLE
Date of publication : Friday, July 31, 2020
Scientific Responsible name : Sandrine Mathy
Type of Contract : PhD Student contract / Thesis offer
Contract Period : 36 months
Start date of the thesis : 1 October 2020
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : 2 135,00 € gross monthly
Description of the thesis topic
The co-benefits of climate policies are becoming central in the definition of climate policies in the context of the Paris Accord and in the elaboration of national contributions . Indeed, since they can generate short-term benefits in particular, they can have a leverage effect on the acceptability of climate policies, which can strengthen their sociotechnical feasibility and promote their adoption. These co-benefits are, for example, the reduction of air, soil and water pollution and the preservation of biodiversity.
The thesis will therefore aim to study the synergies between climate policies and other environmental policies. This will be done through two distinct approaches and methods:
- Cobenefits and Risks in terms of greenhouse gas emissions related to Air Quality:
This will involve assessing the synergies or antagonisms of reducing pollutant and GHG emissions and the short-term benefits of actions to reduce pollutant emissions vs. the long-term benefits for GHG emissions. Do these lead to a better acceptability of pollution reduction measures compared to GHG emission reduction measures? This will be based on modeling work with the partial equilibrium model of the energy system POLES (Prospective Outlook on Long-term Energy Systems) coupled with scenarios based on surveys assessing the acceptability of certain measures by individuals.
- Co-benefits of agro-ecological practices
An in-depth transition of agriculture is necessary to take into account the challenges of food security, climate change mitigation, biodiversity preservation, improvement of air, water and soil quality, etc. Stopping the massive use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, implementing ecological compensation measures on agricultural land or setting up agro-ecological infrastructures are levers for meeting these challenges. Nevertheless, the intensive agricultural model remains dominant. It is necessary to question the obstacles to the adoption of practices, particularly their social acceptability. What is the link between social acceptability and effective adoption of practices? How does the participation of farmers and other stakeholders in the process of designing agro-ecological practices influence the social acceptability of these practices and their effective adoption? How does the consideration of co-benefits of practice adoption affect their social acceptability and effective adoption?
The thesis is therefore part of an action-research approach, with a strong interdisciplinary and field dimension. It combines a survey, experimental economics and modelling approach.
The PhD will take place in the GAEL laboratory, located on the university campus of Grenoble, under the supervision of Sandrine Mathy (CNRS Research Director).
The research carried out in the GAEL "Energy and Environment" department aims to understand and assess the impact of policies in the fields of energy and climate in order to provide answers to sustainable development issues. Supported by a strong research activity in the field of energy over the last decades in Grenoble, the Energy and Environment team develops a high level research activity in applied and academic economics. The team enjoys a high visibility at national, European and international level, thanks to its participation in European research programmes, and to the development of scenarios on energy demand and climate with the POLES model.
The PhD student will work in close collaboration both with the POLES modelling team by contributing to the implementation of air pollution issues in the model, with the experimental researchers of the GAEL laboratory and will interact with the agricultural specialists of the GAEL laboratory.
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