Intitulé de l'offre : Aeronautics and astronautics M/F (H/F)
Acronyme : A&A
Référence : CPJ-2023-015
Nombre de Postes : 1
Site(s) concerné(s) : Saclay-Palaiseau
Région(s) académique(s) : Ile de France
Etablissement(s) partenaire(s) envisagé(s) : Université Paris Saclay, Ecole Polytechnique, Sorbonne Université
Code(s) établissement(s) : UMR7648, UMR9026, UPR288
Date de publication : jeudi 16 mars 2023
Type de contrat : Chaire de professeur Junior
Durée du contrat : 4 ans
Date d'embauche prévue : 1 juillet 2023
Quotité de travail : Temps complet
Rémunération : Annual salary from 54 600 Euros to 57 800 Euros depending on professional experience
Thématique scientifique : Engineering sciences for aeronautics or astronautics
Mots clés : Aeronautics, aerospace, mechanics, combustion, plasmas
Section(s) CN : Atoms and molecules, optics and lasers, hot plasmas
Material and structural engineering, solid mechanics, biomechanics, acoustics
Fluid and reactive environments: transport, transfer, transformation processes
Titulaire d’un doctorat ou diplôme équivalent ou justifiant de titres et travaux scientifiques jugés équivalents par l’instance compétente de l’établissement. Il n’y a aucune condition d’âge ou de nationalité pour candidater. Tous les emplois CNRS sont accessibles aux personnes en situation de handicap en bénéficiant d’aménagement d’épreuves rendus nécessaires par la nature du handicap
This Chair aim is to strengthen research activities in the engineering sciences for the aeronautics and aerospace fields. It is particularly important to develop research in line with the challenges of sustainable development of air transport and space conquest, in the context of major national challenges, and inscribed in the priorities of the Contract of Objectives and Performance of CNRS. The CNRS operates several multidisciplinary laboratories in mechanics, reactive fluids, plasmas, etc., and also wishes to support the recent creation of the Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics of University Paris Saclay, which structures scientific activities in training/research/transfer concerning aerospace and its impacts. The main objective of the research that will be carried out within the framework of the Chair will be to propose original methodologies and concepts to meet the industrial challenges of air transport and space activity, with a general goal for reducing the impact on the environment and climate. Furthermore, the Chair will contribute to the training of young researchers and to the creation of an engineering training program that accounts for the specificities of the air and space domains.
Stratégie du laboratoire d'accueil
The three target laboratories are LPP (laboratory of plasma physics;CNRS/École polytechnique/Sorbonne université), EM2C (laboratory of molecular and macroscopic energetics, combustion;CNRS) and LMPS (laboratory of mechanics of Paris Saclay;CNRS/Université Paris Saclay/CentraleSupélec/ENS Paris Saclay). LPP develops research concerning space plasmas and plasmas in interaction, in addition to fusion plasmas. The expertise of LPP has permitted to develop new concepts of ion thrusters, and one of its members created a startup in the domain. EM2C is a laboratory operated by CNRS in partnership with the engineering school CentraleSupelec. Research at EM2C is internationally recognized in the fields of combustion, physics of transfers and out of equilibrium plasmas. The laboratory collaborates with major aeronautical industries. LPP and EM2C are also strong in the development of mathematical analyses for numerical simulation and they operate high performance simulation platforms. The LMPS laboratory covers all scientific fields in solid mechanics: mechanics of materials and structures, civil engineering, refined experiments and high-performance numerical models. The laboratory is top-rated in experimental mechanics, in particular its group dealing with materials behavior, regarding modeling, experiments and theory.
The CNRS international leadership is reflected by its strong presence among the scientists, teams and consortia that have won various calls for projects organized within the European framework. The CNRS is also distinguished by a large number of research structures, projects, networks, research infrastructures, co-funded doctoral programs and regular exchanges of scientists with foreign institutions, universities or research institutes. These collaborations contribute to France's influence even further from science, with a significant return on investment. Finally, the CNRS recruits a large proportion of non-French scientists, both among permanent staff and, even more so, among non-permanent staff, mainly doctoral students and post-docs. As for all major research institutions, maintaining such recruitment is essential.
International cooperation is therefore inherent to the CNRS scientific policy, and it is within this general framework of international outreach and attractiveness that this junior international chair project is proposed.
The development of activities in aeronautics and astronautics is also necessarily part of the European policy for civil and military aviation and for the space domain. The Chair is in interaction with the laboratories of the Saclay site, so that the Chair will be able to contribute to the international collaboration strategy that CNRS, the Polytechnic Institute of Paris and the University of Paris Saclay are carrying out with leading foreign universities, and is expected to contribute to the attractiveness for students, in particular in connection with the Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics.
Répertoire national des structures de recherche (RNSR) du laboratoire d'accueil
196317031C, 202224176M, 201019049S
Résumé du projet scientifique
All fields of mechanics are covered — reactive or non-reactive fluids, solids, structures, materials — as well as plasmas, and all methodologies can be proposed, multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary approaches being welcome, especially for system analyses. The application fields could thus concern the optimization of aeronautical engines, from the point of view of: (a) performance for the combustion of decarbonated or biosourced fuels;(b) a lesser impact on the environment regarding the emissions of particles, chemical species or noise;(c) the design of materials, their resistance and their eco-design. In the aerospace field, the goal will be to meet the technological challenges of space conquest for launchers, by proposing reusable components or engines with increased reliability and reduced operating costs, possibly recyclable, or for space micropropulsion, particularly electric propulsion with new propellants. In the field of space, new concepts related to positioning, recovery, satellite maintenance may be proposed. Theoretical and experimental approaches and numerical simulation may be combined with new artificial intelligence techniques to accelerate research. The activity of the Chair will of course be carried out in close connection with the fundamental research problems suggested by industry, and actions towards the transfer of concepts into applications and contract partnerships are expected.
Résumé du projet d'enseignement
The proposed teaching project will be part of the different training offers of the site, either at the University of Paris Saclay within the framework of the Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, or at the Polytechnic Institute of Paris, in particular in connection with the recent teaching chair "sciences and challenges of space" of the École Polytechnique. The teaching may concern all disciplines of mechanics, fluids, solids, materials, mathematics applied to engineering, plasma physics. Particular attention will be given to project- and research-related training, as well as to the introduction to methods developed in the relevant industrial sectors.
- Total financé (dont package ANR) : 200 k€
- Total du projet : 200 k€
The dissemination of the results will be done through world-class scientific productions: publications, patents, software... In addition, the results will be communicated to various targets such as scientific communities, media, decision makers, general public, schools, etc., with an adapted calendar. Specific tools may be developed such as websites, newsletters, meetings, international symposia, summer schools and conferences.
The CNRS is developing a strong policy in favor of open science. Open science consists of making research results "as accessible as possible and closed as necessary". As such, the CNRS aims to make 100% of the texts of publications resulting from the work of its laboratories accessible , in particular through deposit in HAL. The data produced must also be made available and reusable, except for specific restrictions. In addition, the guiding principles of individual evaluation have been revised in accordance with the DORA declaration, to be more qualitative and to take into account all facets of the researcher's profession.
Science et société
The relationship between science and society is now recognized as a full dimension of scientific activity. The project will develop this dimension in synergy with all the partners. The resulting research work will contribute to informing public decision-making. Participatory science initiatives may be initiated with actors from the project’s socio-economic and cultural eco-system .
The activity will be evaluated in particular on the basis of scientific production (publications, software, patents, etc.), on institutional and private partnerships formalized by contracts, on international presence, on the promotion of work to multidisciplinary scientific communities, on innovation and its transfer to society and on scientific dissemination to non-specialist audiences.
Modalités d'organisation des auditions
Seul(e)s seront convoqué(e)s aux auditions les candidat(e)s sélectionné(e)s sur dossier par la commission de sélection