Reference : UMR8586-EMIGUI-003
Workplace : AUBERVILLIERS
Date of publication : Saturday, July 30, 2022
Type of Contract : FTC Scientist
Contract Period : 6 months
Expected date of employment : 1 October 2022
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : 2839.73 to 4214.73 euros based on experience
Desired level of education : PhD
Experience required : Indifferent
As part of the ANR INFRAPATRI program. "Knowledge and attachment to urban vegetation in sub-Saharan Africa (Benin, Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal): identification and production of an infra-heritage", hosted from March 2021 to February 2025 by the UMR Prodig and coordinated by Emilie Guitard, the post-doctoral student will conduct field research in the social sciences on the processes of (infra-)patrimonialization of vegetation elements in the capital of Benin, Porto-Novo. He/she will also participate in the coordination of the program's activities at its Beninese site.
The interdisciplinary INFRAPATRI project aims to understand the knowledge and forms of attachment to plants in four cities in sub-Saharan Africa (Yaoundé in Cameroon, Ibadan in Nigeria, Porto-Novo in Benin and Dakar in Senegal), which together constitute an "infra-heritage" produced by city dwellers on the bangs of institutional heritage processes, whether or not it is recognized, and which often remains implicit.
The processes of patrimonialization in the cities of the South are still little studied and mainly from the point of view of globalized institutions. Existing works do not make much mention of alternative heritage dynamics based on a memorial relationship between city dwellers and certain places and often ignored by public authorities. By mobilizing the notion of "infra-heritage", we propose to study this relationship in four sub-Saharan African cities. In each of these cities, the analysis of memorial narratives and urban practices related to urban vegetation allows us to identify the conditions of existence, transmission and possibly recognition of these infra-heritage forms, in relation to the processes of institutional heritage generally concerning the built environment, particularly colonial. The vegetation in the city, which covers elements (plants, trees, woods and forests) and multiple spaces (gardens, parks, cemeteries, roadsides, riverbanks, wastelands, fields, nurseries), is nevertheless the object of varied uses (subsistence, land marking, ritual practices, health care, etc.) supported by knowledge of a practical nature - ecological, culinary, medicinal - or of a more symbolic nature - ritual or political. These knowledges and uses are part of diverse collectives, based on the family, ethnic identity, religion, neighborhood, profession, or political representation. Identifying and understanding them allows us to grasp popular conceptions of the past and the processes of memory and transmission, in relation to urban space and the construction of the urban self.
As part of the contract, the post-doctoral fellow will be responsible for three types of mission, under the dual supervision of the program coordinator, Emilie Guitard, and the head of the Beninese research site, Saskia Cousin:
- Conducting an ethnographic survey on the relationships to plants of Porto-Novo's city dwellers. The results of this survey will be the subject of a report at the end of the contract, which the postdoctoral fellow will also present at meetings of the program team.
- To supervise the research of an intern of the program on the public policies conducted in Porto-Novo in terms of urban vegetation management.
- To participate in the organization of a one-week workshop to be held in Porto-Novo for all program members in the summer of 2023.
Ph.D. in social sciences (anthropology, sociology, geography)
Scientific skills required:
- mastery of ethnographic survey tools (semi- or non-directive interviews and open exchanges, observation, commented walks, etc.)
- in-depth knowledge of the survey context and the research program's themes (heritage, environment, city)
- pedagogical and student supervision skills in the field of social sciences
- ability to organize scientific meetings, particularly in terms of logistics (accommodation and transportation, workshop program, etc.)
Desired professional experience :
- experience in ethnographic research in an urban context, preferably in Benin and on the themes of the program
- experience in teaching and supervising social science students
- Experience in organizing scientific events would be a plus
Language skills: proficiency in one of the languages spoken in Porto-Novo (Goun, Yoruba) in addition to French and English (oral and written)
Other expected skills :
- excellent writing skills in French
- ability to present research in French and English
- ability to formulate a scientific project, to publish and to promote research to academic and non-academic audiences
- ability to work in a team in the context of an international and multidisciplinary project
- ability to work in compliance with rules and procedures
- autonomy, organizational skills and accountability
The post-doctoral fellow will be hosted at UMR Prodig, in Aubervilliers, but will have also to spend a significant amount of time spent on the field in Porto-Novo, Benin. The post-doctoral fellow will be autonomous in his or her fieldwork but will have to work in close collaboration with the team of the Beninese site of the program, under the supervision of Saskia Cousin, and exchange regularly with the team of the INFRAPATRI program, under the coordination of Emilie Guitard.
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