Intitulé de l'offre : Post-doc position in ultrafast spectroscopy of light-induced processes in transparent, near-IR absorbing solar cells (M/W) (H/F)
Référence : UMR7504-STEHAA-010
Nombre de Postes : 1
Lieu de travail : STRASBOURG
Date de publication : lundi 7 août 2023
Type de contrat : CDD Scientifique
Durée du contrat : 24 mois
Date d'embauche prévue : 15 octobre 2023
Quotité de travail : Temps complet
Rémunération : From 2833 to 3257€/month gross salary depending on experience
Niveau d'études souhaité : Niveau 8 - (Doctorat)
Expérience souhaitée : Indifférent
Section(s) CN : Physical chemistry, theoretical and analytic
In the area of solar cells, besides the well-established Si technology, the so-called 3rd generation solar cells explore either cheaper materials or they aim at alternative uses, i.e. beyond the classical roof top black solar cells.
In this context, the aim of the French consortium TRANSITION is to explore so-called « dye-sensitized solar cells » (DSSCs), which would be fully transparent, e.g. absorbing only the invisible part of the sun's spectrum. Transparent solar cells could ultimately replace window, and produce electricity while preserving the aesthetics of a building.
TRANSITION includes chemists from Amiens (F. Sauvage, coord.) and Nantes (F. Odobel and his team), and the BIODYN team at the Strasbourg Inst. of Physics and Chemistry of Materials (IPCMS, https://www.ipcms.fr/en/equipe/biophysics-and-dynamics-of-organic-nanostructures-biodyn/). We have recently made important progress with near-IR absorbing dyes for dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSCs) . In particular, we have been able to obtain the best performances in terms of power conversion efficiency (PCE) and average visible transmission (AVT). The next steps in our project adress DSSCs with new better performing near-IR dyes and solid state electrolytes, which should increase the PCE to up to 7%.
Ultrafast spectroscopy is the tool of choice for investigating the carrier injection processes, and their competitive processes like monomer-to-aggregate energy transfer. One central issue is to test by 2D electronic spectroscopy whether aggregates release electrons and thus contribute to the production of photo-current.
 T. Baron et al., Angewandte Chemie (2022), 61, e202207459
The post-doc researcher will conduct femtosecond spectroscopy experiments, transient absorption as well as fluorescence, in the visible and near infrared (IR) range on home-made solar cell prototypes, testing the new materials, namely merocyanines as near-IR dyes, and solid state electrolytes. Most importantly, the post-doc will contribute to optimizing the 2DES set-up, and in adapting our present data analysis tools (Python) to 2D spectroscopy.
Combined with the device performances obtained by the partners in Amiens, these results will form a solid basis for understanding the mechanisms that may limit the photo-current produced, so as to be able to design new and improved materials. The results will be published in leading scientific journals.
He or she will be in charge of co-supervising a PhD project on the same subject. A contribution to tutored projects for master and bachelor students, to the proper organization and development of our ultra-fast spectroscopy facilities, as well as to fundraising is expected.
The ideal candidate holds a doctorate and has a first experience in ultrafast spectroscopy and nonlinear optics. Additional qualifications such as training and supervision of master students, and proficiency in Python and/or Matlab are assets.
Contexte de travail
At the Institute of Physics and Chemistry of Materials in Strasbourg, we study near-IR DSSCs since more than five years. The post-doc position builds on the PhD thesis I. Nikolinakos carried out with the same partners. The group of F. Odobel (CEISAM Nantes) invents and synthesizes new near-IR absorbing dyes, based on cyanines. F. Sauvage and his team (LRCS Amiens) will make the solid state electrolytes and optimise the material properties (e.g. electrolyte composition) so as to achieve the best device performances.
In TRANSITION, the spin-off company G-LYTE has joined the consortium with the aim of producing larger 10x10 cm^2 solar cell panels, and to test these in terms of their shelf life and identify processes that may degrade the materials.
BIODYN (“Biophysics and Dynamics of Organic Nanostructures”) is a research team led by J. Léonard and S. Haacke (https://www.ipcms.fr/en/equipe/biophysics-and-dynamics-of-organic- nanostructures-biodyn/).
Le poste se situe dans un secteur relevant de la protection du potentiel scientifique et technique (PPST), et nécessite donc, conformément à la réglementation, que votre arrivée soit autorisée par l'autorité compétente du MESR.
Contraintes et risques
Minor chemical hazards (solvent handling)
Funding assured by ANR project TRANSITION (2023-26)