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Reference : UMR5478-MAIDUG-002
Workplace : BAYONNE
Date of publication : Monday, November 25, 2019
Type of Contract : FTC Scientist
Contract Period : 24 months
Expected date of employment : 20 January 2020
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : Gross salary: between 2 617 et 3 729 € /month (depending on previous experience)
Desired level of education : PhD
Experience required : Indifferent
The aim of this position is to contribute to a research project on verb-second (V2) effects in languages without (exact) V2, that is, languages other than the Germanic-type ones.
For this purpose, the candidate is expected to study the syntax of a language with the following properties:
- basic O(bject)-V(erb) order;
- no verb-second (V2) word order in declarative clauses;
- constituent movement in specific syntactic contexts (e.g., focalization, wh-movement, etc.) giving rise to reordering effects affecting specially the verb, such as verbal adjacency effects, non-final verbs, (non-exact) V2 effects, etc.
The candidate will choose the langage to study, but it will be, ideally, (one of) the language(s) they specialize in.
The candidate will join the IKER (UMR 5478) lab in Bayonne (France) as a researcher in the Uncovering verb-second effects. An interface-based typology (UV2) project, financed by the ANR and DFG, and led by Maia Duguine (CNRS-IKER) and Georg A. Kaiser (Universität Konstanz). They will work under the supervision of Maia Duguine, and in collaboration with the other members of the project.
The UV2 project investigates adjacency requirements obtaining in syntactic configurations in which the finite verb occurs in second position, in a range of typologically and genetically related and unrelated non-(exact) verb second (V2) languages with basic SVO or SOV word order (Old and Modern Romance, Basque, Sorbian). Fundamentally, the project aims at expanding the perimeter of languages relevant to the verb second typology by exploring the extent as well as the particulars of V2 effects in the languages under scrutiny, by assessing the possible impact of language contact, and by elucidating the existence of different factors from various domains of grammar which lie behind the phenomenon of V2.
By bringing into the project another OV language with “non-exact V2”, and working in close collaboration with the members of the UV2 project, the postdoc will contribute to the ongoing discussions on (i) the generalization whereby OV languages tend to be wh-in-situ languages, or more generally languages with no movement to the left periphery of the clause, (ii) the status of these languages with respect to the V2 property and more generally with verbal adjacency effects, and (iii) the nature of cross-linguistic variation in the realm of V2 effects, from a generative perspective.
- Building on the existing literature, establishment of a 'state-of-the-art' on the relevant issues in the language(s) under study.
- Characterization of the specific aspects of the syntax of these languages that have to be studied in accordance with the goals set for the UV2 project, design and preparation of questionnaires, recruitment of informants, data collection via interview sessions with native speakers, organizing, archiving, processing, annotating the collected data.
- Comparison and analysis of the relevant syntactic phenomena.
- Exploration of the hypothesis that these languages display V2 effects, study of the consequences for the relation between OV order and wh-in-situ, and for syntactic theory more generally.
- Outreach: presentation of the results of the research at international conferences, publication of at least one article in a leading international journal.
- Involvement in the diverse tasks related to the UV2 project: organizing seminars, conferences, publications, and other potential management-related tasks.
- PhD in linguistics.
- Knowledge and experience with fieldwork and/or data-collection methodologies and techniques.
- Strong background in formal and comparative (generative) syntax, and expert knowledge of the literature on the left periphery of the clause.
- Research experience in OV languages of the type described above.
This postdoc is funded by the ANR-DFG project "Uncovering verb-second effects. An interface-based typology", which involves UMR 5478 (IKER), in partnership with researchers from the University of Konstanz (Germany).
This project has three basic objectives: on the one hand, it aims at expanding the perimeter of the languages relevant to the V2 typology, by including languages with a basic subject-object-verb (SOV) order other than those relatively few examples that have been characterized as V2 (e.g. Kashmiri (Indo-Aryan), Ingush (Caucasian)). The second objective is to assess whether language contact might have had a nontrivial impact in giving rise to V2 effects as an areal phenomenon in South-Western Europe, where Basque, Spanish, French, and Gascon (Occitan) all display V2 effects. Finally, the third objective of the project is to explore a non-uniform approach to the phenomenon of V2. Specifically, it will be investigated whether V2 relies on a unique set of morpho-syntactic mechanisms or rather relates to a linear notion, in that a multitude of factors from several domains of grammar are involved, resulting in a differentiated typology of V2.
The IKER lab (http://www.iker.cnrs.fr/), located in Bayonne (64), specializes in the study of the Basque language and texts.
The application file, submitted via the CNRS' Portail Emploi platform, will include a CV, a cover letter outlining the candidate's motivations, and possibly professional references' contacts.
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