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Reference : UMR5199-FRADER-001
Workplace : PESSAC
Date of publication : Monday, March 22, 2021
Type of Contract : FTC Scientist
Contract Period : 36 months
Expected date of employment : 15 September 2021
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : 31,000-45,000 euros gross salary per year according to experience
Desired level of education : PhD
Experience required : Indifferent
Numbers are ubiquitous in our modern globalized world and play a fundamental role in its functioning. Quantification—that is, the ability to represent, think about, and symbolically express quantity-related facts—is a universal phenomenon manifested to some degree in all cultures and languages. While quantifiers are learned as part of natural language, even without writing practices or scholastic immersion, the acquisition of numerals requires some form of cultural training (often via apprenticeship or formal schooling). Mastering a numeral system paves the way for numeracy, that is, the uniquely human ability to assess, remember, and convey discrete quantities in an exact manner. This raises a tantalizing question on emergence: If for our ability to count numeral systems is an essential cognitive tool, how then could such a tool ever be invented in the first place? In other words: When, where, how, and why did humans make the transition from natural quantifiers to exact symbolic quantification with numerals? Reconstructing the evolution of cognitive tools for quantification as a product of cultural practices and their cognitive implications is the prime goal of the ERC funded Synergy Project QUANTA. Highly interdisciplinary, this project will involve senior researchers, post-docs and PhD students from four research institutions (University of Bordeaux, University of Bergen, University of California San Diego, and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig).
The Post-Doctoral researcher will contribute to this overarching endeavor by developing analytical methodologies and improving theoretical frameworks to identify and characterize the earliest devices to store numerical information. The research will also involve the application of innovative frames of inference to Palaeolithic objects and evaluation of results in synergy with other avenues of research conducted, in parallel, by other members of the project.
The successful candidate will have a PhD in Prehistory, Archaeology, Paleoanthropology or Cognitive sciences. He/she will ideally combine an expertise in the European and African Paleolithic record, the technological analysis of archaeological bone objects and a strong interest in cultural and cognitive evolution, interdisciplinary research, cross-cultural studies. Competences in macrophotography, confocal microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, geometric morphometry and multivariate statistical analyses will be prioritized. The candidate will have the ability to independently conduct scientific research (literature mining, analysis, creation of databases, syntheses and reporting), leading to international publications.
The Post-Doctoral Fellow will work in Bordeaux under the supervision of Francesco d'Errico (CNRS UMR 5199 PACEA, University of Bordeaux) and in collaboration with the other members of the team based in Bordeaux and in the other host institutions. This is a full time position. Salary will depend on previous experience.
Constraints and risks
The candidate will be motivated to travel in Europe and Africa, will be prepared to spend internships at the other host institutions involved in QUANTA, and will be fluent in written and spoken English, and preferably also in French.
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