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Portail > Offres > Offre UMR5107-SOPHEU0-031 - H/F POST DOC " Minimisation de l'empreinte laser par “machine learning” dans le contexte de la fusion par confinement inertiel"

M/F POST DOC"Minimizing the laser imprint through machine learning within the frameword of inertial confinement fusion

This offer is available in the following languages:
Français - Anglais

Date Limite Candidature : jeudi 24 juin 2021

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General information

Reference : UMR5107-SOPHEU0-031
Workplace : TALENCE
Date of publication : Thursday, June 3, 2021
Type of Contract : FTC Scientist
Contract Period : 24 months
Expected date of employment : 1 December 2021
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : Between 2 648 et 3 768 € gross per month depending on experience
Desired level of education : PhD
Experience required : Indifferent

Missions

Minimizing the laser imprint through machine learning within the frameword of inertial confinement fusion

Activities

To reduce the influence of the laser imprint, the hydrodynamic code of CELIA will be coupled to a microscopic model describing the transient optical response of a foam during the laser induced solid to plasma transition. The first step will be to build this microscopic modeling based on a previous work devoted to the resolution of the Helmholtz equation. The computing time being too long in this perspective of coupling with the large scale hydrocode, the microscopic model will be substituted by a neural network. The second stage of the postdoc will be the training of the neural network so that it reproduces as well as possible the predictions of the microscopic modeling. The relevant parameters will be determined in particular. The last stage will consist of large scale simulations with the developed numerical tool, and compare results obtained with homogeneous and non homogeneous materials. The reliability of obtained results will be analyzed which will allow us to finely understand the influence of the solid to plasma transition of foams on the hydrodynamics. Experiments will be proposed in order to validate these developments.

Skills

The candidate should have followed a formation in physics or applied mathematics, including programmation and numerical simulations.

Work Context

The CELIA laboratory carries out studies on various schemes for inertial confinement fusion by
high energy lasers in order to find a solution to the production of large scale energy. The experimen-
tal and theoretical works at CELIA are supported by experiments carried out on various large laser
facilities in France (as Laser MégaJoule at CEA) or abroad (Omega laser at Laboratory for Laser
Energetics (LLE) in Rochester, USA). In order to optimize the target implosion which eventually
gives rise to thermonuclear reactions, the laser pulse is shaped in space and time, notably with a
prepulse which full width at half maximum is 100 ps and maximum intensity is hundreds of
TW/CM2. However, this prepulse induces spatial inhomogeneities on the surface of the target due
to the initial solid state of the matter. These laser imprint damages the initial spherical symmetry
of the target in the course of implosion, and ultimately decrease the efficiency of the inertial con-
finement design. Up to now, numerical hydrodynamic codes dedicated to model the inertial fusion
assume a plasma as the initial state of matter (the initial solid state is not included), and are not able
to account for experimental observations. The mitigation of the laser imprint can be done by using foams
(non homogenous material) which smooth the laser absorption. However the expected influence of the
solid to plasma trnasition of foams has never been studied.

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