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Reference : UPR2940-FLOPOI-012
Workplace : GRENOBLE
Date of publication : Thursday, August 01, 2019
Scientific Responsible name : Hermann SELLIER
Type of Contract : PhD Student contract / Thesis offer
Contract Period : 36 months
Start date of the thesis : 1 October 2019
Proportion of work : Full time
Remuneration : 2 135,00 € gross monthly
Description of the thesis topic
The originality of the project is to use scanning gate microscopy (SGM) to vary continuously the size of the screening reservoir coupled to the QD. The modulations of the Kondo resonance due to interference in the finite-size reservoir will be measured via two weakly-coupled leads and used to determine the Kondo length. This length will be studied as a function of temperature, parallel magnetic field, and QD coupling to the screening reservoir. The Kondo cloud extension will also be studied in other samples containing two distant QDs coupled to a common reservoir and sharing the same Kondo cloud.
Candidates should have a master in condensed matter physics, quantum physics, or nano-physics, with lectures on quantum transport and advanced quantum mechanics. They should be highly motivated by working on a fundamental research topic and by performing delicate experiments at low temperature.
Known for a long time in metals with magnetic impurities, the Kondo effect has shown a revival in the context of semiconductor quantum dots (QD). This many-body effect results from the dynamical screening of an unpaired electron spin by the conduction electrons of the reservoirs. Remarkably, the transmission through this coherent Kondo state is perfect and all the physical quantities are characterized by a single characteristic scale . According to theory, the conduction electrons involved in this process should form a screening cloud around the localized spin with a characteristic length scale . The objective of the project is to demonstrate the existence and to measure the spatial extension of this "Kondo cloud" which is predicted to extend over several microns.
The PhD student will work in the QNES team of the Néel Institute and perform the SGM experiments with the support of a theoretical group. The student will closely interact with a post-doctoral researcher at the CEA-Grenoble for some of the transport measurements. The QD devices in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures will be fabricated by collaborators at C2N in Paris. A few SGM experiments at very-low temperature will be performed with collaborators at IMCN in Belgium to probe the coherence of the Kondo cloud.
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